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Homeland Security and Terrorism

Public Health Emergency Preparedness Assistance from the US Centers for Disease Control

The PHEP provides funding to enable the state and two city public health departments to have the capacity and capability to effectively respond to the public health consequences of not only terrorist threats, but also infectious disease outbreaks, natural disasters, and biological, chemical, radiological, nuclear, and explosive emergencies. These emergency preparedness and response efforts are designed to support the National Response Framework and the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and are targeted specifically for the development of emergency-ready public health departments.

A well-planned, rapid and effective response is critical to saving lives. To achieve this mission the CDC, in conjunction with ASPR and the US Department of Homeland Security, has developed 9 Preparedness Goals: Prevent, Detect/Report, Investigate, Control, Recover, and Improve. The Preparedness Goals are intended to measure state and local public health jurisdictions’ preparedness and response to bioterrorism, outbreaks of infectious diseases, and other public health threats and emergencies. For more information on the CDC Cooperative Agreement.

Beginning fiscal year 2009 and forward, the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act (PAHPA, P.L. 109-417) required that CDC applications for funding include a description of activities each state will conduct to meet the following goals:

  • Integrating public health and public and private medical capabilities with other first responder systems;
  • Developing and sustaining essential state, local, and tribal public health security capabilities, including disease situational awareness, disease containment, risk communication and public preparedness, and the rapid distribution and administration of medical countermeasures;
  • Addressing the public health and medical needs of at-risk individuals in the event of a public health emergency;
  • Minimizing duplication and assuring coordination among state, local, and tribal planning, preparedness, and response activities (including Emergency Management Assistance Compact). Such planning shall be consistent with the National Response Framework or any successor plan, the National Incident Management System, and the National Preparedness Goal;
  • Maintaining vital public health and medical services to allow for optimal federal, state, local, and tribal operations in the event of a public health emergency; and
  • Developing and testing an effective plan for responding to pandemic influenza.

More information on Pandemic Influenza Planning

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