New Hampshire Department of Forest and Lands

Bridge at Livermore Falls

Forest Protection Bureau

The Division of Forests and Lands, through the Forest Protection Bureau, is responsible for protecting over 4.5 million acres of both public and private forestlands from the threat of wildland fire and crimes against the forest resource.

The Forest Protection Bureau consists of a Chief, 9 Forest Rangers, 4 Patrolman, 15 part time Fire Towers, Program Assistant and a part time FFP coordinator.

On average, New Hampshire experiences about 250 wildland fires each year, which burn an average of 250 acres. Another 200-300 illegal fires occur each year that are extinguished before they turn into a wildland fire. Wildland fire control is achieved through prevention, training, early detection, careful pre-planning, hazard mitigation, and suppression.

Protection from woodland fires is accomplished through a system of Forest Rangers, forest fire lookout towers, aerial surveillance, cadre of appointed forest fire wardens, mobile patrols, enforcement of fire protection laws, participation in the Northeastern Interstate Forest Fire Protection Commission, and the training and aiding of local fire departments and wardens.

There are more than 2,300 Forest Fire Wardens, Deputy Wardens and Special Deputy Wardens appointed by the State Forester (Director, Division of Forests and Lands) to serve under the authority of law to protect New Hampshire woodlands from fire. The Warden is the representative of the State Forester who issues fire permits, enforces forest fire laws, and maintains fire fighting tools and equipment at the ready. Wardens also work with Division Forest Rangers to determine fire causes and take necessary steps to prevent recurrence.

Deputy Forest Fire Wardens are appointed to assist the Wardens. Deputy Wardens are located in a community to provide leadership to a local forest fire organization in fire prevention, preparedness and suppression. On small fires, Deputies are trained fire fighters; on larger fires, they may become a squad boss in charge of a small group of fire fighters or a crew boss in charge of several squads. At any time, through emergency or designation, a Deputy Warden may be required to act temporarily as Warden.

The Special Deputy Forest Fire Warden is a forest fire specialist who serves as a member of a local fire fighting team or special staff. The Special Deputy Warden may be called upon to perform certain specialized functions or carry out the duties of the Forest Fire Warden or Deputy Warden in their absence. The Special Deputy Warden is an expert in one or more specialized forest fire control functions, such as fire pump operation and maintenance, scouting and map making, radio communications, supply and service, or fire headquarters operation.

NH Forest Protection January 2023 Newsletter
NH Forest Protection September 2022 Newsletter


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NH Department of Natural and Cultural Resources and the NH Division of Forests and Lands | 172 Pembroke Road, Concord, NH 03301