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Glossary

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Race: The classification of humans into populations or groups on the basis of various sets of characteristics. The most commonly used categories are based on visible traits, such as skin color, facial features, hair texture, and self-identification.

Radon: A natural radioactive gas that you cannot see, smell, or taste, but is extremely toxic.

Rapid Inquiry Facility (RIF): An automated mapping and analysis tool that provides an extension to ESRIĀ® ArcGIS functions and uses both database and GIS technologies. The purpose of this facility is to rapidly address epidemiological and public health questions using routinely collected health and population data.

Rate: A measure of the frequency with which an event occurs in a defined population.

Registry: Information system for documenting people with a common characteristic, such as a particular health condition.

Remote sensing data: Data from sensing devices, such as satellites, aircrafts, and spacecraft.

Reproductive health: Health of the male and female reproductive and sexual organs. The term is also applied to issues relating to the reproductive process, such as fertility, and pregnancy outcomes like infant mortality and preterm delivery.

Research: A systematic investigation, including the design, implementation, testing, and evaluation to contribute to the scientific literature.

Resolution: Degree of detail that can be seen or shown.

Respiratory health: Relating to the health of the lungs and the other parts of the of the respiratory system that affect our breathing

Risk: Potential or probability that an event will occur, such as danger or harm.

Risk factor: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, an environmental exposure, or a genetic characteristic that affects a person's chance of getting a disease or other adverse health effect.

 

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Secondary standard: A pollution limit set by the EPA for a criteria pollutant and based on environmental effects such as damage to property, plants, visibility, etc.

Smog: A mixture of pollutants, principally ground-level ozone, produced by chemical reactions in the air. Smog can harm health, damage the environment, and hinder visibility. Major smog occurrences are often linked to heavy motor vehicle traffic, sunshine, high temperatures, and certain other weather conditions. Smog may develop far from the source of smog-forming chemicals (such as volatile organic compounds), since the chemical reactions that cause smog occur high in the air, as the prevailing winds carry the reacting chemicals from their sources.

Spina Bifida (without Anencephaly): The most common birth defect in the United States. It is a type of neural tube defect. The neural tube is a narrow channel that folds and closes during the third and fourth weeks of pregnancy to form the brain and spinal cord. Spina bifida happens if the portion of the neural tube that forms the spinal cord does not close completely during the first month of pregnancy.

State Health Improvement Plan (SHIP): The New Hampshire State Health Improvement Plan (SHIP) priorities and objectives are intended to provide support, guidance, and focus for public health activities throughout the state.

Sulfur dioxide (SO2): A colorless gas formed during the burning of fuels containing sulfur, such as coal. Breathing SO2 may irritate the respiratory system and aggravate asthmatic symptoms.

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New Hampshire Environmental Public
Health Tracking Program
NH Department of Health and Human Services,
Division of Public Health Services
29 Hazen Drive  |  Concord, NH 03301
(603) 271-4988  |  (800) 852-3345 ext.4988