For two weeks at the end of February and the beginning of March, a total of 18 SCRAP volunteers traveled to Texas to participate in our sixth visit to the Gault Site in Florence, Texas. Gault is a remarkable site situated at one of the best chert localities in the world and has been occupied through all known time periods. In 2000, 2001 and 2002 SCRAP volunteers assisted in salvage efforts when it was believed that the site might be lost to residential development. After long negotiations, Michael B. Collins, Principal Investigator, was able to buy the site in 2007 and have it placed under the ownership of the Archaeological Conservancy. Since then targeted investigations have been conducted to plumb the deepest levels of the site and document the earliest part of its long history. SCRAP participated in week long field work in 2008 and 2009, culminating in our two week effort this year.
Thus far the excavations have moved through dense Archaic period burned rock middens and into Early Archaic levels with large hearths. The most recent efforts have brought the investigations to the cusp of the Archaic-to-Paleoindian transition. Manufacturing debris is exceptionally abundant in the deposits, reflecting the proximity of the site to the high quality Edwards chert formations.
The research at the Gault Site is on-going and much more information can be obtained from the Gault School of Archaeological Research