Adverse Birth Outcomes
The EPHT Program tracks adverse birth outcomes because they have been associated with exposures to outdoor air pollution and drinking water contamination.
Reproductive and Birth Outcomes and the Environment
Why are we concerned about environmental exposures like pollution and reproductive outcomes?
The fetus develops many organ systems during pregnancy; there are critical windows of development where environmental exposures could damage growth and function.
Comparison of effects:
- Active smoking during pregnancy reduces birthweight by about 200 g.
- ETS exposure during pregnancy reduces birthweight by 30 g.
Possible risk factors: Pesticide exposure during pregnancy and childhood neurodevelopment outcomes (ASD)
Adverse Birth Outcome Data
The NH EPHT Program is tracking 2 vital statistic indicators and provides the following reproductive and birth outcomes data:
- Growth retardation
Birth records are derived from the collection of vital statistics on birth and deaths. Data for Birth Outcomes in New Hampshire are available on the Environmental Health Data Integration Network (EHDIN).
For more information on Birth Outcomes:
- Reproductive health and birth outcomes
- The effects of Workplace Hazards on Female Reproductive Health
- CDC Pregnancy Information
- March of Dimes
- Health Resources and Services Administration
- Tobacco Use and Pregnancy: CDC
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