Best Management Practices
To address mounting concerns over invasive plants and the role NHDOT activities play in the spread of these plants along roadsides, Best Management Practices (BMPs) have been developed with input from Maintenance Districts, the Roadside Development Section, the Bureau of Construction, and the NH Department of Agriculture.
Implementation of these BMPs will help prevent the spread of invasive plants caused by maintenance and construction activities.
Biological Control of Purple Loosestrife
and G. calmariensis
In 1997, the NH Department of Transportation’s (NHDOT) Bureau of Environment and the NH Department of Agriculture, Markets & Food (NHDAMF), Division of Plant Industry, worked together to establish a cooperative effort for the management of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) populations in New Hampshire. The project was developed in accordance with the US Department of Agriculture’s Animal Plants Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS) Multi-State Purple Loosestrife Project. A pilot study grant, in the amount of $30,000, was awarded by the NHDOT’s State Planning and Research (SPR) program to develop the project. Sites were selected, transects were established, and biological control agents were acquired.
As of 2004, this project has resulted in approximately 217,000 beetles being purchased for release into purple loosestrife invaded wetlands throughout the State. With the help of the community project and those sites managed by the NHDOT, all ten counties in the state are being managed with Galerucella beetles to some degree. The majority of the releases have occurred in towns in the central and southeastern portions of the state, mainly as a result of the high density of purple loosestrife occurring in these areas.
Cooperative Weed Management Areas
A Cooperative Weed Management Area (CWMA) is a partnership of federal, state, and local government agencies; individuals; and various interested groups that pool resources, set priorities, and manage invasive plants in a defined area. CWMAs are more prevalent in the western United States, but are becoming more common in the east. One CWMA in the State is the NH Coastal Watershed Invasive Plant Partnership. The NHDOT is a signatory to this partnership.
- Best Management Practices for Roadside Invasive Plants
- Invasive Plant Fact Sheet #1 - Best Management Practices for MOWING
- Invasive Plant Fact Sheet #2 - Best Management Practices for KNOTWEED